By a group of scientists whom wanted to save threatened natural areas around the world.
The Nature Conservancy joins forces with governments, non-profit organizations, local stakeholders, indigenous communities, corporate partners, and international organizations to find solutions to conservation challenges. They are involved in protection of private lands, the creation of conservation-minded public policies, and the funding of conservation projects around the world. They have an interesting approach called the debt-for-nature swaps, which is a transaction which ensures biodiversity conservation with the exchange for debt that is owed by developing countries.
History of work and accomplishments :
In 1955, The Nature Conservancy bought it’s first pack of land, a 60-acre tract along the Mianus River Gorge which is around the boarder of New York and Connecticut. During the same year they established the Land Preservation Fund, which it still used today to help provide funding for worldwide conservation efforts.
In 1961, a partnership between Bureau of Land Management and The Nature Conservancy which was formed to protect old-growth forests in California. During the 1970s and 1980s. The Nature Conservancy setup key programs such as the Natural Heritage Network and the International conservation Program. The Natural Heritage Network collected information about species distributions and natural communities throughout the United States. While, the International Conservation Program identified key natural regions and conservation groups in Latin America. In 1988 The Conservancy completed their first dept-for-nature swap to fund conservation work in Brauli Carillo National Park. In the 1990s The Nature Conservancy introduced a large-scale project called the Last Great Place Alliance, an effort aimed to saving full ecosystems by protecting core reserves and establishing the buffer zones around them. In 2001-2005, they purchased land in Colorado which later formed the Great Sand Dunes National Park and the Baca National Wildlife Refuge, it also expanded the Rio Grande National Forest. Most recently, the Conservancy organized the protection of 161,000 acres of forest in the Adirondacks of New York. They also negotiated a debt-for-nature swap to protect tropical forest in Costa Rica.